As a scientific theory, quantum mechanics enjoys the unquestioned success of very accurately describing and predicting the outcome of experiments in a wide range of areas, with even its most counter-intuitive predictions never having been contradicted. The problem of the reconciliation of quantum mechanics with the theory of gravity, while being fundamental, is somewhat irrelevant on the scale of events likely to be directly accessible for experimental analysis in the foreseeable future. As long as quantum mechanics was only applied to the statistical properties of microsystems (atoms and subatomic particles), its diverse philosophical interpretations would largely be considered: by the people as equally absurd, by philosophers as equally valid, and by physicists as equally irrelevant. Now, with the routine direct experimental realization of quantum effects on the scale of macroscopic solid state quantum bits, the problem of reality in quantum mechanics is at its most pressing. In tackling the problem, we will try to follow Duns Scotus' dictum, that even God cannot create a self-contradiction. We will develop the theoretical viewpoint of quantum reality as the truth, which satisfies the absolute maximum number of logical constraints which can be imposed, using as a test a quantum metamaterial, an artificial medium comprised of superconducting quantum bits) through which and electromagnetic wave can propagate. This is a realistic model of an extended quantum object, which can be literally observed through optical or quasioptical means. We will analyze the predictions of the theory with an emphasis of the directly observable properties of such an object, and on the limits of compatibility of mutually irreconcilable 'views' of it suggested by standard quantum mechanics. We will bring these results to the attention of leading experimentalists and of the philosophers, in order to clarify the view on the ontology of quantum mechanics and its possible limits.
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